Vertigo is the sensation of rotation, rocking, or spinning environment that’s experienced even when someone’s really still. Anyone who has these dizzy spells might be feeling like they’re spinning or the world around them is spinning.
Vertigo is usually brought about by an inner ear problem. Some common vertigo causes include:
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BPPV, or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, occurs when canaliths (tiny calcium particles) build up in the inner ear canals. The brain receives signals about body and head motions relative to gravity from the inner ear. This helps us maintain balance.
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BPPV has no known cause but it may be age-related.
Labyrinthitis or vestibular neuritis
This is a problem of the inner ear that’s usually caused by viral infection. The infection causes inner ear inflammation around essential nerves that aid body balance.
This inner ear condition is thought to result from a build up of fluid as well as changes in pressure in the inner ear. It can result in vertigo episodes along with hearing loss and tinnitus.
Less common vertigo causes include head or neck injury, brain conditions like stroke or tumor, migraine headaches, as well as some medications that lead to ear damage.
Vertigo can be considered a single symptom, instead of a medical problem with signs and symptoms.
People with vertigo usually feel as if they are spinning, swaying, unbalanced, tilting, and pulled to a certain direction.
Other symptoms that might occur alongside vertigo include tinnitus, hearing loss, headache, vomiting, sweating, feeling nauseated, and jerking or irregular eye movements.
Symptoms may come and disappear and may last a few hours or a few minutes.
Treatment options for vertigo
Your vertigo treatment option depends on the cause of the problem. Vertigo often goes away without treatment. So, what’s the reason? This is because your brain has the ability to adapt, partly to inner ear changes at least, using other means to keep balance.
Treatment is required for some people and may include:
This form of physical therapy is meant make your vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system’s function is to transmit signals to your brain about body and head movements in relation to gravity.
Sometimes medicines may be prescribed to help ease symptoms such as motion sickness or nausea associated with vertigo. For vertigo that is due to inflammation or infection, some steroids or antibiotics may be given to relieve swelling and cure infection. For Meniere’s disease, water pills (diuretics) can be prescribed to ease the pressure caused by fluid buildup.
A few vertigo cases may require surgery. If the vertigo resulted from something serious such as a tumor, neck or brain injury, treating these problems can help ease the problem.