Furcation Involvement & Its Treatment: A Review. Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Advanced Medical and Dental Sciences Research. Shikai Tenbo. ;51(3) [Furcation involvement and its management]. [ Article in Japanese]. Hasegawa K, Miyashita H, Kinoshita S. PMID: The management of furcation involvement presents one of the greatest . The membrane was soaked in normal saline solution to improve its adhesion.

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Many systemic reviews have concluded that GTR procedure results in significant attachment gain as compared to open flap debridement Overhanging restorations result in harboring of plaque resulting in inflammation and thus initiating the development of a furcation lesion.

Furcationplasty can be applied to the buccal and lingual furcation areas. The results of the study demonstrated a reduction in probing depth in both groups at the deepest vertical site in the furcation. Deeper sites respond less favorably PowerPoint Presentation: Buy Now For International Users: Out of total samples, accessory canals in the furcation area were demonstrated in Focus on furcation defects-guided tissue regeneration in combination with bone grafting.

The lingual root is the longest, the mesiobuccal root is not as long, but it is broader buccolingually, the distobuccal root is the smallest of all the three roots.

The classification proposed by Easley and Drennan 26 was based upon the involvement of the horizontal component of furcation. In this study, selection of mandibular grade II defects was done based on the observation by Sanz and Givannoli,[ 11 ] who stated that, “placement of a barrier membrane should not be indicated in the treatment of maxillary molars with furcation involvement.

Table 1 Changes in gingival and plaque scores.

[Furcation involvement and its management].

Table 2 Changes in clinical attachment level in millimeters. Regeneration of new intrafurcal bone and attachment can be expected in such cases. Root separation involves sectioning of the root complex and maintenance of all the roots.


References available in the hard copy of the website Periobasics: Six months postsurgical vertical measurements at the test site with the stent. The probe penetration is less than 3 mm into fircation furcation. In managemebt, the overall size of maxillary second molar is smaller than the first molar and larger than the third molar.

Efficiency of scaling the molar furcation area with and without surgical access. The distobuccal root is narrower than the other two roots.

The patient should be educated about maintenance of good oral hygiene and should be re-evaluated at a frequent interval. Focus on furcation defects: Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed. Ricchetti 25proposed the following classification depending upon the horizontal component of bone loss.

When seen from the mesial surface, the mesiobuccal root occupies involvemwnt of the buccolingual measurement of the tooth and it hides the distobuccal root. Following are some of these proposed classifications for furcation involvement.

The contents were then mixed with the blunt instrument and furcatiion to the defect with a plastic filling instrument and condensed. The incompletely fused roots may be fused in the area of CEJ but are separated in the apical region. Biological aspect Dental implants: This procedure is done in lower molars with well defined and well separated mesial-distal roots.

This procedure can be done on……………. Interradicular bone is completely absent. Data analysis Pairwise comparisons within the groups were done by applying the independent student t test. Selection of the ingolvement Diagnostic and treatment planning skills, Awareness of therapeutic options Skill of the clinician Tooth anatomy is the primary determinant in establishing treatment planning for grade III furcation involvement.

Guided tissue regeneration has been shown to be………………………. Clinical evaluation of anorganic bovine bone xenograft with unvolvement bioabsorbable collagen barrier in the treatment of molar furcation defects. The recall interval in patients with furcation involvement is comparatively shorter than the patients with no furcation involvement. Furcation involvement is probably the most difficult type of defect to standardize.


In another study, Little et al. Tooth anatomy is the primary determinant in establishing treatment planning for grade III furcation involvement.

The resorbable GTR membrane with bone material was more effective in the treatment of furcation defects than open debridement alone. The mean gingival and plaque scores were significantly furcatikn at the end of three itts and six months in both the test and the control groups.

The clinical significance of CEP is that while attempting regeneration in involved furcation, CEP should be removed because connective tissue does not attach to enamel and a long junctional epithelium shall be formed which is easily susceptible to breakdown. Reliability of attachment measurements using the cementoenamel junction and a plastic stent.

Health of a patient Importance of the tooth to the patient Costs and time factor Clinician-related factors: The authors suggested unfavorable results of this therapy.

Furcation involvement and its treatment –

I n this procedure, bone is reshaped to obtain a scalloped morphology and the soft tissues are apically positioned. The presently available evidence suggests that multi-rooted teeth with furcation involvement can be maintained in the oral cavity for a reasonably long duration of time with appropriate nonsurgical or surgical periodontal therapy, provided they are free of plaque and are kept under regular observation. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Classification by Tarnow and Fletcher: Further, the prevalence is highest for mandibular and maxillary second molars.

It indicates that the furcation fornix is inclined in the mesiodistal plane and the mesial furcation entrance is closer to CEJ as compared to the distal entrance.

Presurgical horizontal measurement at the control site with the stent.