Publisher: Introducción: La hiperemesis gravídica es un estado de naúsea y vómito constante durante el embarazo, asociada a deshidratación. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.

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There are numerous theories regarding the cause of HG, but the cause remains controversial.

Common investigations include blood urea nitrogen BUN and electrolytes, liver function testsurinalysis[24] and thyroid function tests. Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9: Archived from the original on 30 November Archived from the original on 15 December There is only limited evidence from trials to support the use of vitamin B 6 to improve outcome.

Pathology of pregnancychildbirth and the puerperium O— Manual of obstetrics 7th ed. Hyperemesis gravidarum HG is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe nauseavomitingweight lossand possibly dehydration.

Ondansetron may be beneficial, however, there are some concerns regarding an association with cleft palate[33] and there is little high-quality data. Gestational pemphigoid Impetigo herpetiformis Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy Linea nigra Prurigo gestationis Pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy Emseis urticarial papules hipermeesis plaques of pregnancy PUPPP Striae gravidarum.


Hyperemesis gravidarum

Views Read Edit View history. Handbook of home nutrition support. Often gets better but may last entire pregnancy [2]. Retrieved from ” https: Archived PDF from the original on Amniotic fluid embolism Cephalopelvic disproportion Dystocia Shoulder dystocia Fetal distress Locked twins Obstetrical bleeding Postpartum Pain management during childbirth placenta Placenta accreta Preterm birth Postmature birth Umbilical cord prolapse Uterine inversion Uterine rupture Vasa praevia.

While vomiting in pregnancy has been described as early as 2, BC, the first clear medical description of hyperemesis gravidarum was in by Antoine Dubois. Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. Decreased gut mobility Elevated liver enzymes Decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure Increased levels of sex steroids in hepatic portal system [21].

Archived from the original on 27 January Digestive system Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.

Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-meaning excessive, and emesismeaning vomitingand the Latin gravidarumthe feminine genitive plural form of an adjective, here hiperemessis as a noun, meaning “pregnant [woman]”.

Pregnancy with abortive outcome Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth. Hieremesis includes drinking fluids and a bland diet. Breastfeeding difficulties Low milk supply Cracked nipples Breast engorgement Childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder Diastasis symphysis pubis Postpartum bleeding Peripartum cardiomyopathy Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis Postpartum thyroiditis Puerperal fever Puerperal mastitis.

Thalidomide was prescribed for treatment of HG in Europe until it was recognized that thalidomide is teratogenic and is a cause of phocomelia in neonates. While most women will experience near-complete relief of morning sickness symptoms near the beginning of their second trimesterhileremesis sufferers of HG will experience severe symptoms until they give birth to their baby, and sometimes even after giving birth.


Concomitant conditions Diabetes mellitus Systemic lupus erythematosus Thyroid disorders Maternal hiperemesiis Sexual activity during pregnancy. Based on symptoms [3]. First pregnancy, multiple pregnancyobesity, prior or family history of hyperemesis gravidarum, trophoblastic disorderhistory of an eating disorder [3] [4]. Hyperemesis gravidarum tends to occur in the first trimester of pregnancy [12] and lasts significantly longer than morning sickness.

Excessive salivation, also known as sialorrhea gravidarumis another symptom emedis by some women.

Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica by ARMANDO MORENO SANTILLAN on Prezi

When vomiting is severe, it may result in the following: Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth. In addition, electrolyte levels should be monitored and supplemented; of particular concern are sodium and potassium.

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. hiperenesis

Retrieved 6 December Cherry and Merkatz’s complications of pregnancy 5th ed. Drinking fluids, bland diet, intravenous fluids [2].