Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only once a year. Creative and Mental Growth has 48 ratings and 1 review. Children are the essence of this book, but more than that, they are the essence of society. Creat. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Creative and mental growth / [by]Viktor Lowenfeld | Incluye bibliografĂ­a }.

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Creative and intellectual growth are the basis of any educational system, and it is the hope that this book can contribute to an understanding of the importance of this area so as to make the education of children a joyful and meaningful experience.

But considering the warning that was given in yearI expected this to happen anyway. Amara rated it it was amazing Sep 21, Lowrnfeld applies to all stages and levels of creative activity.

Going along in set patterns. If Johnny draws airplanes only, the important fact is to make the airplane meaningful, to make it alive, by extending the child’s frame of reference.

Therefore, never be satisfied with such a general statement as “I can’t draw it. Discouraged by such a stimulation, the child would then stop expressing himself altogether — “I can’t draw. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. But, except for the arts, the senses are apt to be ignored. The child does not differentiate in his desire for self-identification with creative activity and with history, for example.

In order to understand the effect on children of coloring and workbooks that contain such repetitive stereotype forms, let us go through the process a child goes through while using them, and let us also find out the after- effect this process may have on our children.

Every child would use his deeply rooted creative impulse without inhibition, confident in his own kind of expression.

Creative and Mental Growth, 3rd Edition: Viktor Lowenfeld: : Books

Methods creatige Approach It should be stressed that there is no single approach to freeing children or adults in lowenffld creative potentialities or to making them more sensitive toward themselves and their environment. His experiments in public schools indicated how very dependent some children can become upon work- books, which can influence their natural form of expression: It is obvious that no single individual loweneld be made responsible for the lack of integration between our culture and scientific achievements, but these important characteristics of our time have to be understood especially by those who guide our youth.


If the medieval educator wanted to leave his town, he could do so only by using horse-drawn coaches, the style of which was in complete agree- ment with the rest of his aesthetic environment.

That is a pretty stiff sentence just for being born a child. I wish to express my deepest appreciation to Mrs.

Creative and Mental Growth by Viktor Lowenfeld

The latter is usually stressed in schools where the outcome of thinking is the one correct answer, or the most acceptable method for solution. In art education it means that the teacher must know the child and his creative needs in order to understand him fully and also to motivate him effectively. Viktorr, that used book is totally printed in black and white. Some questions that are factual and demand specific answers might be “What are the primary colors?

At an age when the desire for repetition is most definite, the inability to repeat powenfeld only be disappointing.

Creative and Mental Growth

The child who has developed freedom and flexibility in his expression will be able to lowehfeld new situations without difficulties. Bob uses the tree only for climbing; apples have no meaning and are therefore loweenfeld included in his painting.

Easy adjustment to new situations. Lists with This Book. There are many more such individual needs to be discussed in the chapter on scribbling, which can only be understood if the general physical and psychological characteristics typical of this stage of development are understood.

Since the child’s spheres of interest change with his development and also with his environment, it is of prime importance that subject matter with which the child can easily identify be chosen.

Thus a technique develops The Importance of Creative Activity in Elementary Education 35 according to the individual’s own needs.


A dramatic sky will be made still more dramatic by letting the colors run as they want to. It is quite obvious that denying the present would only mean to deny the self, to play ostrich. I have owned and used a copy for over 30 years. In order to understand and appreciate the implications of these con- trasting tendencies between art and society, let us compare some phases of the life of an educator of the present with one who lived in a previous culture.

Amanda rated it liked it Oct 05, Integration in learning, therefore, becomes of major significance, since it may be responsible for leading our youth to a more unified and better adjusted life. During my course of studies as an Art Therapist, Lowenfeld’s work was sited many times. Gothic cathedrals are built between skyscrapers, and most advanced fields in science are taught in buildings of architectural styles or pseudostyles long outmoded.

Without it, the teacher will never reach the child with his motivations see Figure 6. The apparent lack of confidence in our modern homes, too, constitutes a serious threat to our social forms of living. We do not want to give the impression that by merely developing a good creative art program in the public schools, mankind is saved; but the values that are meaningful in an art program are those which may be basic to the development of a new image, a new philosophy, even a totally new structure to our educational system.

Therefore, any technical accident, such as unintentional shading or running of color, that destroys or changes his concept will interfere with his desire for expression.

A creative product remains meaning- less cdeative the individual can relate himself to it. To call the child’s attention to the “poorness” of his product would only have a discouraging efifect. It has been demonstrated how integration occurs within the individual. Research studies have shown that a close relationship exists between reading achievement and creative expression.