BGI 597-2 PDF

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In order to better reflect the range of furniture products on the market, the state of the art for these products and to take into account the innovation of the last few years, it is appropriate to big the scope of the product group to include non-wooden furniture and to establish a revised set of ecological criteria. The revised ecological criteria aim at using materials produced in a more sustainable way considering a life cycle analysis approachlimiting the use of hazardous compounds, the levels of hazardous residues, the contribution of furniture to indoor air pollution and promoting a durable and high-quality product that is easy to repair and disassemble.

The revised criteria, along with the related assessment and verification requirements should be valid for six years from the date of adoption of this Decision, taking into account the innovation cycle for this product group.

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The scope extends to domestic furniture and contract furniture items for use in domestic or non-domestic environments. Bed frames, legs, bases and headboards are included in the scope.

Products whose primary function is not to be used as per paragraph 1, including streetlights, railings and fences, ladders, clocks, playground equipment, stand-alone or wall-hung mirrors, electrical conduits, road bollards and building products such as steps, doors, windows, floor coverings and cladding. The strands in the external layer are aligned and parallel to the board length or width. The strands in the internal layer or layers can be randomly orientated or aligned, generally at right angles to the strands in the external layers.

Many different sub-categories of plywood can be referred to based on how the plywood is structured such as, veneer plywood, core plywood, balanced plywood or its predominant end use for 597- marine plywood. Methods may include the application of paints, prints, varnishes, veneers, laminates, impregnated papers and finishing foils. Supplied timber may bi considered as a component material but be later sawn and treated to be converted into a component part.

Applications shall be evaluated in accordance with the criteria on which they are based. The specific assessment and verification requirements are indicated within each criterion. Competent bodies shall preferentially recognise attestations which are issued by bodies accredited according to the relevant harmonised standard for testing and calibration laboratories and verifications by bodies that are accredited according to the relevant harmonised standard for bodies certifying products, processes ngi services.

Where appropriate, test methods other than those indicated for each criterion may be used if the competent body assessing the application accepts their equivalence. Where appropriate, competent bodies may require supporting documentation and may carry out independent verifications.

As a pre-requisite, the product must meet all respective legal requirements of the country countries in which the product is intended to be placed on the market. The applicant shall declare the product’s compliance with this requirement. The EU Ecolabel criteria reflect the best environmental performing products on the furniture market.

Whilst the use of chemicals and release of pollutants is part of the production process, the use of hazardous substances are excluded whenever possible or limited to the minimum necessary to provide an adequate function and at the same time strict quality and safety standards for furniture products.

Criterion 1 — Product Description. The applicant shall provide documentation to the competent body containing:. Weights of different materials shall be expressed as grams or kilograms and as a percentage of the total product unit weight. Criterion 2 — General requirements for hazardous substances and mixtures. Grouping of restricted hazards.

Hazards that identify a substance or mixture as being within Group 1: Group 2 hazards — CLP. Hazards that identify a substance or mixture as being within Group 2: Group 3 hazards — CLP. Hazards that identify a substance or mixture as being within Group 3: Restriction of CLP classified substances and mixtures used in the furniture product.

The 59-72 are split into two parts, based on the production stage of the furniture product. Part a refers to substances and mixtures used during any finishing or assembly operations carried out directly by the furniture manufacturer. None of the adhesives, varnishes, paints, primers, wood stains, biocidal products such as wood preservativesflame retardants, fillers, waxes, bhi, joint fillers, sealants, dyestuff, resins or lubricating oils directly used by the furniture manufacturer bti be classified with any of the CLP hazards listed in Table 1, unless their use is specifically derogated in Table 2.

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None of the substances or mixtures used by suppliers that fall within the scope defined below shall be classified with any of the CLP hazards listed in Table 1, unless their use is specifically derogated in Table Solid wood and wood-based panels: Textiles, leather and coated fabric upholstery: Derogations to the hazard restrictions in Table 1 and applicable conditions. For preservation treatment of wood to be used in outdoor furniture but only if the original wood does not meet the requirements for Durability class 1 or 2 as per EN Textiles, leather, coated fabrics in furniture upholstery covering materials and also padding materials.

The product must be intended to be used in applications in which it is required to meet fire protection requirements for ISO, EN, Member State or public sector procurement standards and regulations. The product must be intended to be used in applications in which it is required to meet fire protection requirements in ISO, EN, Member State or public sector procurement standards and regulations.

Derogation only applies to chromium III compounds used in electroplating operations e. Derogation only applies to zinc compounds used in electroplating or hot-dip galvanisation operations such as, zinc oxide, zinc chloride and ngi cyanide.

When dust free dye formulations or automatic dosing and dispensing of dyes are used by dye houses and printers to minimise worker exposure. Dyeing processes using reactive, direct, vat or sulphur dyes with these classifications shall meet a minimum of one of the following conditions:.

As additives during the production of acrylic, polyamide or polyester with a recycled content. Auxiliaries comprising carriers, levelling agents, dispersing agents, surfactants, thickeners and binders.

Use in treatment of furniture upholstery covering materials textiles, leather or coated fabrics. Recipes shall be formulated using automatic dosing systems and processes shall follow standard operating procedures. A Safety Data Sheet SDS of the chemical mixture which clearly outlines the correct Personal Protective Equipment and bgj procedures for storage, handling, use and disposal of these mixtures during use and a declaration of proof of compliance with these measures bgk be provided.

Lubricants shall only be permitted for use if it can be demonstrated by relevant OECD or ISO tests to be readily or inherently biodegradable in the aquatic environment, including aquatic bhi. The applicant shall provide a declaration of compliance with criterion 2.

Declarations shall be supported by lists of relevant mixtures or substances used together with information about their hazard classification or non-classification. The following gbi shall be provided to byi declarations of the hazard classification or non-classification for each substance or mixture:. Mixture classifications according to the criteria laid down in the CLP Regulation. When considering self-classification entries in the REACH registered substance database, priority shall be given to entries from joint submissions.

A documented expert judgment provided by a professional toxicologist. This shall be based on a review of scientific literature and existing testing data, where necessary supported by results from new testing carried out by independent laboratories using methods approved by ECHA.

An attestation, where appropriate based on expert judgment, issued by an accredited conformity assessment body that carries out hazard assessments according to the Globally Harmonised System GHS of the classification and labelling of chemicals or CLP hazard classification systems. For the derogated substances and mixtures listed in Table 2, the applicant shall provide proof that all derogation conditions are met.

Criterion 3 — Wood, cork, bamboo and rattan. Where criteria refer bg to wood-based panels, this is mentioned in the title of 59-72 criteria. Sustainable wood, cork, bamboo and rattan. All wood, cork, bamboo and rattan shall be covered by 597-22 of custody certificates issued by an independent third party certification scheme such as the Forest Stewardship Council FSCthe Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification PEFC or equivalent.

All virgin wood, cork, bamboo vgi rattan shall not originate from GMO species and shall be covered by valid sustainable forest management certificates issued by an independent third party certification scheme such as FSC, PEFC or equivalent. Uncertified material shall be bfi by a verification 5997-2 which ensures that it is legally sourced, and meets any other requirement of the certification scheme with respect to uncertified material.

In case the scheme does not specifically require that all virgin material is sourced from non-GMO species, additional evidence shall be provided to demonstrate this. In addition to the General conditions on hazardous substances set out 5597-2 criterion 2, the following conditions shall specifically apply to any furniture component parts made of wood, cork, bamboo or rattan or specifically only bfi wood-based panels where the latter term is mentioned in the criterion title:.

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The applicant shall provide either:.

bgk A declaration from the wood-based panel bgj that no recycled wood fibres were used in the panel, or. This criterion does not apply to untreated wooden surfaces or to natural wooden surfaces treated with soap, wax or oil.

It shall not be necessary to meet the requirements of this criterion if compliance with criterion 9. However, higher VOC content coatings may be used, if it can be demonstrated that either:. The applicant shall provide a declaration of compliance, specifying whether compliance is achieved because the bi product is exempt from the criterion or if it is achieved by the controlled use of VOCs in the coating operation.

Formaldehyde emissions from wood-based panels. Formaldehyde emissions from all supplied wood-based panels, in the form that they are used in the furniture product in other words, unfaced, coated, overlaid, veneeredand which were manufactured using formaldehyde-based resins shall either:.

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The applicant shall provide a declaration of compliance with this criterion, stating that no other further modification or treatment has been applied by the applicant to the panels that would compromise their compliance with the formaldehyde emission limits of the panels as supplied. The assessment and verification of low formaldehyde emission panels shall vary depending on the certification scheme it falls under.

The verification documentation required for each scheme is described in Table 5. Assessment and verification of low formaldehyde emission panels. The wood-based panel may be labelled in accordance with Section A declaration from the wood-based panel manufacturer of compliance with the formaldehyde emission limits as per JIS A bhi fibreboard or JIS A for particleboard and plywoodsupported by test data according to the JIS A desicator method. Criterion 4 — Plastics.

Marking of plastic component parts. In exceptional cases, non-marking of plastic parts with a weight greater than g 5972 permitted if:. Where parts cannot be marked because there is not enough appropriate surface area available for the marking to be of a legible size to be identified by a recycling operator.

In the above cases, where non-marking is allowed, further details about the polymer type and any additives as per the requirements of EN ISO and Big ISO parts shall be included with consumer information referred to in criterion The applicant shall provide a declaration of compliance with this criterion, listing all the 5997-2 component parts with a weight greater than g in the furniture product and stating whether or not they have been marked according to EN ISO 5977-2 EN ISO parts The marking of any plastic component parts shall be clearly visible upon visual examination of the plastic component part.

Marking does not necessarily need to be clearly visible in bgk final assembled furniture product.

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If any plastic parts with a weight greater than g have not been marked, the applicant shall provide justification for non-marking and indicate where relevant information has been included in consumer information. In cases of doubt regarding the nature of the plastic for component parts with a weight greater than g and in case suppliers do not provide the required information, laboratory test data using infra-red or Raman spectroscopy or any other suitable analytical techniques to identify the nature of the plastic polymer and the quantity of fillers or other additives shall be provided as evidence supporting the EN ISO and EN ISO marking.

Bvi addition to the ggi requirements for hazardous substances established in Criterion 2, the conditions listed below shall apply for plastic component parts. Plastic component parts and any surface layers shall not be manufactured using additives that contain cadmium Cdchromium VI CrVIlead Pbmercury Hg or tin Sn compounds.

The applicant shall provide a declaration of compliance with this criterion. Where only virgin plastic is used, a declaration from the supplier of the virgin plastic material that no additives containing cadmium, chromium VI, lead, mercury or tin have been used shall be accepted. If no suitable declarations are provided by the supplier, or where virgin plastic is combined bg pre-consumer recyclates from mixed or unknown sources, representative testing of the plastic component parts shall demonstrate compliance with the conditions set out in Table 6.

Assessment and verification of heavy metal impurities in plastics.