Correlation of ASTM D and D Geotextile Puncture. Test Methods and Results for Use on WisDOT Projects. Final Report. Rani Elhajjar. ASTM D – Air Permeability of Textile Fabrics . ASTM D is used as an index test for determining the puncture resistance of Geomembranes. This test. GeoTesting Express is a provider of Geosynthetic Testing Services – ASTM D,Standard Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geomembranes and.

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There are two key elements to this procedure. Finally, the authors include a section in this report with recommended specifications for puncture load values based on the testing performed in this project in the spirit of providing a transition to the new ASTM D puncture test standard. This test evaluates the ability of geotextiles to withstand stresses and loads during construction, which is among the severe conditions that geotextiles can experience. There are several calculations that are common across most puncture tests.

Competent statistical assistance is recommended for the investigation of bias. The use of this test method is to establish an index value by providing standard criteria and a basis for uniform reporting.

It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected or the purchaser and the supplier must agree to interpret future test results in the light of the known bias.

All types of geotextiles exhibited puncture strength values, whether pin or CBR, that were consistent within each group with coefficients of variation ranging from 2. Geo-textiles are also used in land reclamation projects as well as for highway and road construction.


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This inconsistency is the result of a missing connection between the old and new ASTMs. Other state DOTs refer to both D and D, or provide a list of alternative test methods to be considered in place of either of these tests.

As a minimum, the two parties should take a group of test specimens that are as homogeneous as possible and that are from a lot material of the type in question. The test specimens should then be randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.

Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Geotextiles are commonly used in pavements, earth retaining structures, and landfills, as well as other geotechnical applications. They include the average puncture stength which is an average of the peak load across multiple specimens of the same type of sample. The objective of this research is to attempt to correlate the CBR and pin puncture strengths for various categories of geotextiles, regardless of weave type and mass per unit area.

It is vitally important that the user pre-specifies enough capacity so that the test actually achieves full puncture and the proper calculations can be made.

ASTM D – Geomembrane Puncture Fixture

Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. In phase I, ten and fifteen samples of each geotextile type were tested using CBR and pin punctures strength tests, respectively, while a total of ten samples per geotextile type were tested in phase II. The average results from the two laboratories should be compared using Student’s t -test for unpaired data and an acceptable probability level chosen by the two parties before the testing is begun. Cover Date – May University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Astmm average must be taken because textiles are non uniform based on their woven stricture. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Other calculations are centered around the variability and deviation between tests.


ASTM D is used asmt evaluating the puncture strength of sharp objects such as rocks and stones that rest within soil. However, UV and weathering tests showed significant degradation in the puncture strength after exposure. One of these tests is the puncture strength test.

Jun 21 Various tests are conducted to evaluate and classify geotextiles to determine their suitability for different applications. Statistical analyses were conducted to establish a astk between CBR and pin puncture strength values. Therefore ASTM D is commonly used as a replacement and involves a wider 50mm round puncture implement.

ASTM D Puncture Fixture – Geomembranes | GD

Please see our literature below for more info on the exact construction of the fixture. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard asgm are not provided as part of the standard.

Puncture resistances of materials with like mass per unit area and base material but with different weave type were also examined.

The first is the geometry of the puncture implement which is 8mm in diamater with a 45 degree beveled or chamfered edge. Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Correlations were successfully used to estimate the CBR puncture strength values from the pin test with a reasonable accuracy. The material is used to maintain a barrier and prevent the astj from washing away during torrential rain. The second is the size of the open hole in the clamping jig. They use a standard 1.