Available at ABIQUIM, Anuario da industria qui’mica brasileira. Associacao Brasileira da Industria Quimica, Sao. Associação Brasileira da Indústria Química. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). Emissões de Gases de.

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MapBiomas 18 is a collaborative initiative involving more than twenty institutions to produce annual Brazilian soil cover maps, which are essential for assessing land use change, agiquim main historical source of greenhouse gas emissions in the country. However, the calculation of emissions from treatment of domestic effluents is marked by the lack of consolidated information at state level.

As published by the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation on its GHG emissions related to mineral products reference report 86emission estimation follows the equation below:.


Technical Validation In order to assure the quality of the data generated, SEEG annually submits its methodology for peer-reviewing consisting of anuaro and non-members of the Climate Observatory and holds a public seminar with relevant stakeholders of all sectors to disseminate and debate estimations. It was not possible to gather subnational level publicly available information regarding soda ash consumption. Inonly about 4. According to the methodology used in this report, emissions for the period between and were estimated through linear regression of emissions between and SEEG estimates CH 4 emissions from enteric fermentation of dairy cattle, beef cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses and swine, according to the following equation Reactions mentioned are shown below:.

From on, this substance production was not disclosed in Abiquim yearbooks. CO 2 emissions associated with biomass combustion or use are reported in Agriculture and Land Use Change sectors Anjarioand national production was obtained by Ministry of Mines and Energy page.


SEEG initiative estimates of Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2015

Click here to view. Thus, production was kept constant for the period.

SEEG estimations applied these factors as shown in the following equation. Once completed, anuatio SEEG dataset was converted into a spreadsheet format and shared via web-platform that, by means of simple queries, allows users to search data by emission sources and country and state activities. SEEG estimates indirect N 2 O emissions from leaching and runoff of the nitrogen in vinasse applied to soils according to the following equation For the period between andthe MCTI reference report was the information source for this dataset.

For the annual per capita protein consumption, the values were based on Tier 2 data, sourced from the reference report of the waste sector and interpolated for gap years. Lime reduction through petroleum coke emissions should be allocated as a chemical industry process.

SEEG initiative estimates of Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions from to

Activity data The population considered in this analysis, as well as the one used for estimate CH abiuqim emissions, is composed by the fraction of households with sewage.

Activity data for estimating direct N 2 O emissions from animal manure applied to soil as fertilizer are the same used for calculating the N 2 O emissions from manure management There was also xbiquim area with planted forests that could not be allocated named NA in the states, because the activity data itself has not been allocated in the IBA CO 2 fuel combustion emissions: The emission factors used for calculating the emission of CH 4 emissions from manure management for the period of are available in MCTI Consumption associated with “Other uses” is responsible for two emissions-generating activities anjario However, the calculation of emissions from treatment of domestic effluents is marked by the lack of consolidated information at state level.

Burn-out efficiency of combustion of incinerators fraction ; i: Thus, for CO 2 emission estimation to be detailed by vehicle type, fuel consumption must be as well. Soda ash Na 2 CO 3 consumption is responsible for GHG emissions related to pulp and paper industries, soaps and detergents production, water treatment and glass production.


These organizations worked based on the guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 1214 embedding them with multiple sources: For the estimation of the variation of soil carbon stocks C qnuario carbon stockCO 2 emissions and removals in SEEG were calculated according to the formula below, which is a function of soil use and management soil and their respective factors of emission and removal.

The oil and natural gas industry fugitive emissions allocation method also used these two variables. BEU xbiquim information for these variables forand Furthermore, ammonia also participates in undesirable side reactions; in one of them, nitrous oxide N 2 O abiqui a by-product.

CO 2 annual emissions for of the energy sources are estimated from the following equation:. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Separation of raw emissions from net emissions auario the 3rd Brazilian Inventory for the period of to Software utilized ArcGis software was used to obtain summaries of the total area deforested for each biome. This approach allows the results obtained to be detailed by energy end-use sectors or energy transformation processes and by energy source consumed.

SEEG initiative estimates of Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2015

The Supplementary figure S2 represents the data processing used sequence. For years prior toit was estimated by the trend of production temporal evolution in the periodas a simplified way of estimating this variable in the absence of more accurate information for the period.

Emissions from the following fuel consumption in iron and steel, ferroalloys, non-ferrous metal and other metallurgy production are not accounted for in the Energy Sector: